Charter Schools: Is there a statewide authorizer specific for virtual charter schools?

Charter Schools: Is there a statewide authorizer specific for virtual charter schools?

January 2020

This resource contains information about the 45 states, plus the District of Columbia, with charter school laws. It does not contain any information for the five states that have not enacted charter school laws.

Is there a statewide authorizer specific for virtual charter schools?
Alabama No
Alaska No
Arizona No
Arkansas No
California No
Colorado Yes. The state charter school institute may authorize a multi-district online school but is first required to apply to the online division within the department of education for certification of such a school.

Citations: Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 22-30.7-106
Connecticut No
Delaware No
District of Columbia No
Florida No
Georgia No
Hawaii No
Idaho No
Illinois No
Indiana No. A virtual charter school may apply for authorization with any statewide authorizer in accordance with the authorizer's guidelines.

Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-24-7-13
Iowa No
Kansas Yes. Virtual schools are under the general supervision of the state board. The state board is authorized to adopt any rules and regulations relating to virtual schools which the state board deems necessary.

Citations: Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-3713
Kentucky No
Louisiana Yes. The state board is tasked with creating a process to authorize "course providers."

Citations: La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:4002.4
Maine Yes. The Maine Charter School Commission is the sole authorizer of virtual charter schools.

Citations: Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. 20-A § 2405
Maryland No
Massachusetts No
Michigan No. Statute does make reference to statewide authorizing bodies (defined as the governing board of a state public university or the board of a recognized federal tribally controlled community college) regarding cyber charter schools, but also establishes that the following are able to issue contracts to establish cyber charter schools: the board of a school district, an intermediate school board, the board of a community college, and 2 or more public agencies acting jointly.

Citations: Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.553a; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 380.552
Minnesota No
Mississippi No
Missouri No
Nevada Yes. The State Public Charter School Authority is the sole statewide authorizer.

Citations: Senate Bill 441 (2019) Legislation is "undesignated" as of 12/2019
New Hampshire No
New Jersey No
Ohio No. However, all virtual charter school applications must be approved by the superintendent of public instruction, and the superintendent must approve applications demonstrating experience and quality.

Citations: Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3314.013
Oklahoma Yes. The state board for virtual charter schools is required to provide oversight of operations of statewide virtual charters and to establish processes for accepting and approving applications and revoking contracts.

Citations: Okla. Stat. tit. 70, § 3-145.3
Oregon No. Virtual charter schools may be authorized by local school boards or the state board of education.

Citations: Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 338.120
Pennsylvania Yes. The department of education authorizes virtual charter schools.

Citations: 24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 17-1703; 24 Pa. Stat. Ann. § 17-1741-A
Rhode Island No
South Carolina No
Tennessee No
Texas No
Utah No
Virginia No
Washington No
West Virginia No.
Wisconsin No. However, only local school boards may authorize virtual charter schools.

Citations: Wis. Stat. Ann. § 118.40
Wyoming No

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