Dual Enrollment: Definition or Title of Program

Dual Enrollment: Definition or Title of Program

This database indicates the title of programs in states in which statewide programs have been established.

  • Forty-seven states have one or more common statewide dual enrollment policies.
  • Three states leave dual enrollment policies to the discretion of local districts and postsecondary institutions/systems.
Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: February 2015

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or jzinth@ecs.org.

Definition or title of program
Alabama Dual Enrollment
Alaska While there is no statewide policy in Alaska, dual enrollment is offered on an institutional basis.
Arizona State has two programs: Dual Enrollment and Concurrent Enrollment. Dual Enrollment courses are offered on a high school campus  or joint technical education district campus through an agreement or contract between a school district/charter school and a community college district governing board. Concurrent Enrollment courses are offered on a college campus. Policies in this profile generally relate to dual enrollment.
Arkansas State has three programs: An endorsed concurrent enrollment course is a course in math, English, science, and social studies offered at the high school (or in rare instances on the college campus), that meets specified quality components, and upon completion of which a student earns high school and postsecondary credit.

Dual enrollment is a high school student’s enrollment in postsecondary coursework for college credit only.

Statute also permits (1) a public school student who has completed 8th grade to enroll in a publicly supported community college or four-year college or university and receive postsecondary and high school graduation credit upon course completion and (2) qualified public or private high school students to, upon request, be accepted for enrollment in a public institution of higher education as part-time students.
California No title. The governing board of a community college district may admit to any community college under its jurisdiction a student eligible to attend community college as a special part-time or full-time student under Section 48800 or 48800.5. An 11th or 12th grader may also be enrolled part time in classes of the California State University or University of California for academic credit.
Colorado Colorado has two programs: Concurrent Enrollment allows students in grades 9-12 to enroll in postsecondary coursework. The ASCENT (accelerating students through concurrent enrollment) or “5th year” program allows students who do not need postsecondary remediation and who have completed or are on schedule to complete at least 12 hours of postsecondary coursework prior to the end of 12th grade to concurrently enroll in postsecondary courses in the year after the student was enrolled in 12th grade. An ASCENT participant is not considered a high school graduate until completing participation in the ASCENT program and any remaining graduation requirements.

Unless otherwise indicated, all provisions in this profile refer to concurrent enrollment.
Connecticut No title. Students may apply a course completed at an accredited public or private institution (or online course offered by such institutions, if the local or regional board of education has adopted a policy on awarding of credit for online coursework) toward completion of high school graduation requirements.

Career technical students enrolled in the department of labor apprenticeship program may earn college credit (not secondary credit).
Delaware Dual Enrollment. “Dual Credit” refers to the awarding of both high school and postsecondary credit.
District of Columbia Dual Enrollment
Florida Dual Enrollment
Georgia State has multiple programs: Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment refers to coursework taken for high school and postsecondary credit. A few programs fall under the umbrella of dual credit/dual enrollment:

The Accel program is a non-need-based financial aid program to assist public and private high school students and home school students taking approved dual credit coursework leading toward an associate or baccalaureate degree (students cannot receive Accel program assistance for courses that are part of a technical certificate or diploma program of study.) Students must meet Accel requirements at the University System of Georgia (USG) or Technical College System of Georgia (TCSG).

The HOPE Grant program is a non-need-based grant program for public and private high school students taking technical certificate or diploma program courses from TCSG or USG institutions. Students must meet HOPE Grant requirements.

Through the Move on When Ready program, a public school student in grades 11 or 12 takes all of his/her coursework at an eligible postsecondary institution for dual credit.

Joint Enrollment refers to coursework taken only for postsecondary credit (i.e., student's high school has not agreed to accept the postsecondary coursework as credit toward the student's high school graduation requirements). A joint enrollment student is ineligible for Accel Program participation, but may participate in the HOPE Grant program.

Unless otherwise indicated, all policies refer to Dual Credit/Dual Enrollment or Move on When Ready.
Hawaii Running Start. In addition, statute clarifies that Running Start provisions do not preclude the department of education and the University of Hawaii system from establishing programs by mutual agreement that permit high school students to enroll in college courses.
Idaho Postsecondary Enrollment Options
Illinois A Dual Credit course is a college course taken by a high school student for both high school and college credit. State also permits districts to enter into joint agreements with community college districts and other school districts to provide career education or advanced vocational training of 11th and 12th-grade students.

Unless otherwise indicated, all provisions in this profile refer to dual credit.
Indiana A Dual Credit course is one taught by a high school faculty member, a college faculty or adjunct faculty member that a high school student may take to earn both high school and college credits. Dual credit courses may include an on-campus course taught to regular postsecondary students, or a college course taught in a high school classroom by a faculty member of an institution.

A Concurrent Enrollment course is a dual credit taught at a high school by a regular high school faculty member approved by an institution, for high school credit, and college credit if an agreement is made between the school corporation and an institution.

The Postsecondary Enrollment Program allows school corporations (districts) and eligible institutions to offer college courses taught by faculty members of eligible institutions, and concurrent enrollment courses.

School corporations may also offer a supplemental postsecondary education program, or allow a student to attend an education program during the regular school day/school year apart from Postsecondary Enrollment Program. An eligible institution may also allow a public school student to enroll in a course independent of Postsecondary Enrollment Program.
Iowa Senior Year Plus (SYP) is an umbrella program created in 2008 that encompasses Concurrent Enrollment, Postsecondary Enrollment Options Program (PSEO), Advanced Placement (AP), Career Academies, Regional Academies, and, most recently, Project Lead the Way. Though many of these programs were available to students in Iowa prior to 2008, the SYP legislation was implemented to provide increased and more equal access to college credit and AP courses. SYP programs offer students an opportunity to enroll in college coursework and, in most cases, receive both high school and college credit simultaneously. Specifically, “Senior Year Plus” includes:
  • A “district-to-community college sharing or concurrent enrollment” program administered by the department permitting eligible students in grades 9-12 to enroll part-time in rigorous academic or technical coursework approved by the board of directors of a school district through a contractual agreement between a community college and the school district, during the regular school year, at or through community colleges
  • Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO),” allowing primarily 11th and 12th graders to take college and university courses which are not comparable to courses offered by the secondary institution or offered through concurrent enrollment at an eligible postsecondary institution as a part-time student
  • Courses offered through career academies for college credit
  • Project Lead the Way courses.
“Senior Year Plus” also includes requirements regarding Advanced Placement classes. Provisions specific to Advanced Placement are not listed in this profile.

Dual Enrollment refers to students enrolled in both competent private (i.e., homeschooled) and public instruction simultaneously. Students who are enrolled in college coursework while still in high school are categorized as jointly enrolled (i.e., Joint Enrollment).

An articulated course is offered by a high school through an agreement between a district and a postsecondary institution that allows students to receive college credit upon matriculation based on the demonstrated mastery of concepts in the high school course. (Iowa Admin. Code 281-22.32(8)(c))
Kansas Through the Kansas Challenge to Secondary School Pupils Act (a.k.a. Concurrent Enrollment), secondary students may enroll in eligible postsecondary institutions. Students may also access coursework at the high school if the district and an eligible postsecondary institution have approved a Concurrent Enrollment Partnership agreement, whereby a high school instructor teaches a college-level course at the high school.

Under Dual Credit, a student may enroll in coursework at a postsecondary institution. However, since dual credit is not a systemwide policy, dual credit arrangements are made between students, local school districts and postsecondary institutions.

Unless otherwise noted, policies in this profile refer to Concurrent Enrollment.
Kentucky State has two programs: In a Dual Credit course, a student receives credit from both the high school and postsecondary institution in which the student is enrolled upon completion of a single class or designated program of study, including participating in the Gatton Academy of Mathematics and Science in Kentucky.

In a Dual Enrollment course, a student is enrolled in a high school and postsecondary institution simultaneously, including participating in the Gatton Academy of Mathematics and Science in Kentucky.

Instances where dual credit policies differ between courses offered by public technical/community colleges and public four-year institutions are noted in the profile.
Louisiana State has two active programs: Dual Enrollment means a program established by the Board of Regents to offer high school students the opportunity to enroll in coursework creditable towards a career certificate or an associate or baccalaureate degree. Students may elect to take courses for high school and postsecondary credit, or postsecondary credit only.The Course Choice program allows for an approved provider, including online or virtual education providers, postsecondary education institutions, including any postsecondary institution under the management of the Board of Supervisors of Community and Technical Colleges, "educational entrepreneurs" (teachers or groups of teachers) with proven track records of successful instruction, and business and industry that offer vocational or technical course work in their fields, and have been authorized to provide such courses by the state board, to offer courses online or in person. A public school student, a student enrolled in a nonpublic school under the Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program, a student attending a nonpublic school that is approved, provisionally approved, or probationally approved by the state board, or a home-schooled student may participate in Course Choice. Any course offered for dual enrollment by a Louisiana public institution of postsecondary education must be included in the Course Choice course catalog, with no requirement for course approval by the board or the department of education, provided the course meets the Carnegie unit requirements for high school graduation. 

A student in grades 11-12 may use a TOPS – Tech Early Start Award to fund any technical or applied course leading to an Industry-Based Certification, a Certificate of Applied Science, and a Certificate of Technical Sciences offered at a Louisiana public or nonpublic postsecondary education institution, or by any Louisiana training provider recognized by the Louisiana Workforce Commission and approved by the state board of elementary and secondary education, when the credential is identified by the Occupation Forecasting Conference as a credential for an occupation in top demand in the state, and is recognized by the State Industry-Based Certification Leadership Council. 

In addition, a high-ability high school student may be admitted to a college on a full-time basis. Upon earning at least 24 semester hours at the college level, the student is eligible to receive a high school diploma. 
Maine State has two programs: A general program (no program title in statute) allows students to enroll in postsecondary courses.

A dual enrollment career and technical education program allows students in grades 11 and 12 to enroll in postsecondary CTE courses for high school and postsecondary credit.
Maryland Dual Enrollment
Massachusetts No title. A student may enroll in coursework for high school and secondary credit.
Michigan State has two programs: Postsecondary Enrollment Options allows students to enroll in postsecondary courses for high school and/or postsecondary credit. Under the Career and Technical Preparation Act (2000), a student may enroll in a CTE course at an eligible postsecondary institution.

In addition, fifth-year high school pupils in attendance at a school district, intermediate school district or public school academy may enroll in postsecondary or CTE preparation dual enrollment courses if the pupil has not met all high school diploma requirements, and is enrolled in not more than 2 postsecondary dual enrollment courses taken at any given time and not more than 4 postsecondary enrollment courses taken during the school year. The pupil must have a plan on file at the district to complete district graduation requirements within the academic year, including postsecondary dual enrollment options.
Minnesota Postsecondary Enrollment Options (the first state-level dual enrollment policy in the U.S.) refers to student enrollment in courses offered by postsecondary institutions for either postsecondary credit alone, or high school and postsecondary credit. Under Postsecondary Enrollment Options, Concurrent Enrollment refers to courses taught by a secondary teacher or postsecondary faculty member at a secondary school, or another location as per an agreement between a public school board and the postsecondary institution.
Mississippi A Dual Enrolled student is one enrolled in a community or junior college or state institution of higher learning while enrolled in high school. A Dual Credit student is one enrolled in a community or junior college or state institution of higher learning while enrolled in high school and who is receiving high school and college credit for postsecondary coursework.

“Dual enrolled” provisions also apply to dual credit students. Unless indicated otherwise, responses below refer to both dual enrollment and dual credit students.
Missouri High schools may offer postsecondary course options to high school students. No title in statute; department of higher education policies refer to “dual credit.”
Montana State has multiple programs:

Dual Enrollment is the program name used in practice throughout the state - Running Start is the name established in policy. Dual enrollment allows high school students to take courses for dual credit or college credit at a Montana University System postsecondary institution. 

Concurrent Enrollment allows qualified high school or college faculty to teach college courses in a high school (high school instructor must meet Board of Regents Policy 730.1, college faculty must possess Class 1, 2, 4, or 8 educator license through Office of Public Instruction).

Early College (not to be confused with the early college high school model) allows high school students to take courses at a college campus or online through a college for dual credit or college credit only (depending on faculty qualifications and interlocal agreement with high school). The Montana University System Operational Guidelines for Dual Enrollment and Other Post Secondary Educational Opportunities (under revision as of February 2015) provides for the structure, function, and management of MUS dual enrollment programs, thus augmenting the Running Start policy.
Nebraska For purposes of the Educational Service Units Act, a dual-enrollment course is defined as a course taught to students for credit at both a high school and a postsecondary educational institution.
Nevada No title. Students in grades 11 and 12 who complete a course at a community college or university must be allowed to apply the credit toward completion of high school graduation requirements.
New Hampshire While there is no statewide policy in New Hampshire, dual enrollment is offered through the Community College System of New Hampshire and Southern New Hampshire University.
New Jersey No title. Districts and postsecondary institutions may create partnerships in which college courses are offered to high school students on postsecondary campuses and in high schools.
New Mexico Dual Credit
New York While there is no statewide policy in New York, dual enrollment is offered on an institutional basis.
North Carolina The Career and College Promise program provides opportunities for students to pursue (1) a Career Technical Education Pathway, leading to a certificate or diploma aligned with one or more high school Tech Prep Career Clusters, and (2) a College Transfer Pathway, leading to a college transfer certificate requiring the successful completion of 30 semester hours of transfer courses, including English and math.
North Dakota Postsecondary Enrollment Options Program
Ohio During the 2014-15 school year, the state is offering Post-Secondary Enrollment Options. Effective with the 2015-16 school year, the state will offer College Credit Plus, and Post-Secondary Enrollment Options will no longer be in effect.

All entries below refer to College Credit Plus.
Oklahoma Concurrent Enrollment
Oregon State has multiple programs. "Accelerated college credit programs” include Dual Credit, Expanded Options, Two-plus-Two (CTE), Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate programs. Dual credit means awarding secondary and postsecondary credit for a course offered in a high school during regular school hours.

Each district must either provide students in grades 9-12 with accelerated college credit programs related to English, math and science, or ensure students have online access to accelerated college credit programs in these subjects.

Unless otherwise noted, policies in this profile refer to the Expanded Options Program or the Dual Credit program.
Pennsylvania Concurrent Enrollment

*Program currently inactive due to inadequate state funds*
Rhode Island Dual Enrollment
South Carolina Dual Enrollment
South Dakota No title. A high school student may enroll in an institution of higher education or a postsecondary vocational education institution. The board of regents policy manual uses the terms “dual credit” and “dual enrollment” for courses offered in the high school.
Tennessee State offers several avenues. Dual Credit program means a postsecondary course, taught in a high school by certified secondary instructors, the successful completion of which prepares a student to sit for a postsecondary challenge examination, administered under the supervision of postsecondary faculty or a consortium approved certified secondary instructor. The student's score on the challenge examination is used by a postsecondary institution to determine the granting of postsecondary credit towards a diploma or a certificate or an associate or baccalaureate degree.

A Dual Enrollment program allows a student to enroll in postsecondary courses for high school and postsecondary credit.

No title: A student may enroll in a course at a postsecondary institution or offered online by the institution. The student may receive high school credit for participating in such courses in accordance with local board policy. State funds to the local school system may not be diminished because of the student's participation.

Early admission into college may be considered for a 12th grader with a minimum 3.5 GPA and ACT composite score of at least 25. A student must have written endorsement from the principal, counseling staff and the participating postsecondary institution. Freshman coursework taken at the institution will substitute for the courses which the student needed for graduation from high school. The student is awarded credit for the senior year after having completed the freshman year in college.

Responses in this profile are specific to dual credit and dual enrollment.
Texas State policy primarily uses the term dual credit, but also uses concurrent enrollment, joint high school and college credit, articulated postsecondary courses/articulated postsecondary advanced technical credit courses, and dual enrollment to refer to high school students’ enrollment in postsecondary coursework for both secondary and postsecondary credit. In other sections of statute, concurrent enrollment applies to a postsecondary student enrolled at more than one institution at the same time. A district and public two- or four-year institution may enter into an agreement to offer any such courses.

A public junior college may enter into an agreement with a school district or private high school (within or outside the junior college district’s service area) to offer a course through which students may receive high school and junior college credit.

A public junior college may also enter into an articulation agreement with one or more school districts in the junior college district to provide a dropout recovery program to persons under age 26. The junior college must offer advanced academic and transition opportunities, including dual credit and college preparatory courses. This profile does not include details about dropout recovery programs.
Utah Concurrent Enrollment
Vermont State has two programs. The Dual Enrollment program includes college courses offered on the campus of an accredited postsecondary institution and on a secondary school campus, and may include online courses.

A secondary technical student may be enrolled in postsecondary technical courses if the enrollment is accepted by the postsecondary institution and approved by the district of residence as being in the student’s best interests.
Virginia Dual Enrollment
Washington State has multiple programs:

Dual Credit is generally defined as a program, administered by either an institution of higher education, a high school, or contractual agreement between the two, through which 11th and 12th graders apply to a participating institution of higher education to enroll in courses or programs and simultaneously earn high school and college credit.

Running Start allows students to apply to a participating institution of higher education to enroll in courses or programs offered by the institution.

College in the High School programs, governed by a local contract between the district and the institution of higher education, allow students to earn high school and college credit.

Community and technical colleges may contract with local common school districts to provide occupational and academic programs for high school students.

The state also has a participation in high school completion pilot program that allows a student under age 21 who has completed all graduation requirements except exit exam requirements to enroll in courses or a program of study made available by a participating community or technical college.

Unless otherwise noted, policies in this profile refer to dual credit generally, Running Start, or College in the High School.
West Virginia State has three programs: Dual Credit and Dual Enrollment courses both mean a credit-bearing college course offered at a high school by an institution of higher education. The West Virginia EDGE (Earn a Degree, Graduate Early) allows students to take approved career/technical courses offered by high schools or Career and Technical Centers that are common to courses offered by the community and technical colleges for college credit. Students earn credit by passing a qualifying exam. Early Enrollment (a.k.a. Early Entrance) allows public two- and four-year institutions to offer college courses delivered primarily to high school students.

In addition, the state provides for early admission, defined as high school students enrolled in a college-level course. Policies pertaining to early admission are not included here.
Wisconsin State has five programs that fall under the umbrella of dual enrollment or concurrent enrollment:

The Youth Options program allows students in grades 11 and 12 not enrolled in a technical college to enroll in an institution of higher education.

Course Options, created by 2013 Act 20, extends existing open enrollment policy to students seeking admission at a public or nonprofit postsecondary institution or tribal college.

Section 118.15(1)(b) of the schools code permits a student who is at least 16 or is an at-risk student to attend a technical college in lieu of high school or on a part-time basis if the student and parent agree in writing that the student will participate in a program leading to his/her high school graduation. The district board of the technical college district in which the child resides must admit the child. Every technical college district board must offer day class programs satisfactory to meet the requirements of these provisions to receive state aid.

Section 118.55(7r) of the schools code is in the same section of code as the Youth Options program, but is considered a separate program for purposes of this analysis due to differing program eligibility requirements, processes, etc. Section 118.55(7r) allows a student in good academic standing who is not an at-risk student to enroll in a technical college.

Dual Enrollment programs are programs or courses of study designed to provide high school students the opportunity to gain credits in both technical college and high school, including transcripted credit programs or other educational services provided by contract between a school district and a technical college.
Wyoming State has two programs. Statute provides for the offering of "post secondary education enrollment options." Two avenues for student participation fall under that term. A Concurrent Enrollment course is taught by a high school instructor approved as community college adjunct faculty, and teaching said course as part of their duties as a district employee. Dual Enrollment credit is given to high school students who complete college-level courses for which the community college hires and pays the instructor, and in which the school district agrees to allow high school credit.

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