Students May Take Developmental/Remedial Courses Through Dual Enrollment Program

Students May Take Developmental/Remedial Courses Through Dual Enrollment Program

This database indicates whether state policy explicitly allows high school students to access postsecondary developmental/remedial coursework for dual credit.

Why does it matter?
  • If a student is identified as not meeting college-readiness benchmarks before high school completion, why postpone interventions till the freshman year of college?
  • States and local partners should ensure developmental interventions are targeted to area(s) of student need, and aligned with research and best practice.

  • In 15 states and the District of Columbia, state policy is silent on whether dual enrollment students may enroll in developmental/remedial coursework. A local agreement between a high school/district and postsecondary institution/system may permit or limit student participation in developmental/remedial courses.
  • Twenty-two states either have a single dual enrollment program that explicitly prohibits dually enrolled students from participating in non-credit-bearing courses, or prohibits students from enrolling in remedial coursework through all dual enrollment programs.
  • Seven states permit dually enrolled students to take developmental/remedial courses, either through a single statewide program or through one of two dual enrollment programs.
  • In six states, state policy is silent on accessing remedial coursework through one dual enrollment program but prohibits students from enrolling in developmental coursework in another dual enrollment program.

Methodology: This information was collected from state statutes, rules and regulations, and state education agency Web sites. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.

Last updated: March 2016

This database was compiled by Jennifer Dounay Zinth: 303.299.3689 or

Students may take developmental/remedial courses through dual enrollment program
Alabama No
Alaska Not set in state policy
Arizona No


Arkansas Yes, but only for courses offered through enrollment of students who have completed the 8th grade. A student must be a 12th grader with an ACT sub-score of at least 17 in English, reading or math (or an equivalent measure). An institution offering a remedial/developmental education course must inform the student, verbally and in writing, that successful completion of such coursework at one college or university does not guarantee college course placement at another Arkansas institution, unless there is a written/signed college course placement agreement with the other institution. A list of the institutions of higher education with a signed college course placement agreement must be 1) included in the signed Memorandum of Agreement between the school district and college/university, 2) published in the current college/university catalog, and 3) posted on the college/university website.

A remedial/developmental education course cannot be used to meet the core subject area/unit requirements in English and math for high school graduation.

Public school students in grade 12 who are enrolled in remedial/developmental education courses are not counted for public higher education funding purposes.
California Original program: Not set in state policy. However, while not strictly a dual credit course, a principal may recommend a student for a community college summer session course that is necessary to assist a pupil who has not passed the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) and that does not offer college credit in English language arts or math, provided the student is a high school senior and has completed all other graduation requirements prior to the end of his/her senior year, or will complete all remaining graduation requirements during a community college summer session, which he/she is recommended to enroll in, following his/her senior year of high school.

College and Career Access Pathways partnerships: Yes. The CCAP partnership agreement must certify that any remedial course taught by community college faculty at a partnering high school is offered only to high school students who do not meet their grade level standard in English and/or math on an interim assessment in grade 10 or 11, as determined by the partnering school district, and must involve a collaborative effort between high school and community college faculty to deliver an innovative remediation course in the student's junior or senior year to ensure the student is prepared for college-level work upon graduation.
Colorado Yes - limited to 12th graders.
Connecticut Not set in state policy
Delaware Not set in state policy
District of Columbia Not set in state policy


Florida No
Georgia No
Hawaii No
Idaho Not set in state policy
Illinois Generally: Not set in state policy.

Courses offered by a community college on a high school campus for dual credit: No. Dual credit courses must be selected from transfer courses that have been articulated with senior institutions in Illinois, or from the first-year courses in ICCB approved associate in applied science degree programs. As non-credit-bearing courses, developmental/remedial courses do not fall into either of these categories.
Indiana No
Iowa No
Kansas No. Remedial/developmental course work may not be offered as a Concurrent Enrollment Partnership course.
Kentucky No
Louisiana Not set in state policy
Maine Not set in state policy
Maryland No
Massachusetts General courses: Not set in state policy

Commonwealth Dual Enrollment Partnership: No
Michigan Not set in state policy
Minnesota No
Mississippi No
Missouri Not set in state policy
Montana No
Nebraska Not set in state policy
Nevada Yes. The Board of Regents handbook authorizes Nevada System of Higher Education (NHSE) institutions to enter into agreements ​with school districts to provide college readiness programs, including remedial and 100-level courses at a registration fee appropriate to cover at least the costs of the program, including but not limited to the instructor’s salary, supplies and equipment needed, and appropriate overhead costs. The registration fee must be approved by the President. Institutions must report annually to the Board on the programs offered, the number of high school students served, and the approved registration fees charged. 
New Hampshire Not set in state policy
New Jersey Not set in state policy
New Mexico No
New York Not set in state policy
North Carolina No
North Dakota Not set in state policy
Ohio No
Oklahoma No
Oregon Yes. A district must enter into an agreement with a postsecondary institution that accepts a student for enrollment in a noncredit course.
Pennsylvania No

*Program currently inactive due to inadequate state funds*
Rhode Island No


South Carolina No
South Dakota Generally and Campus Enrollment: Not set in state policy

Dual Credit and Concurrent Enrollment: No. Dual credit courses must be included in Academic Affairs Council guidelines for meeting System Graduation Requirements. All students in a concurrent enrollment course should be enrolled for college credit.
Tennessee Yes. A community college may develop a cooperative innovative program targeted to high school students who need postsecondary remediation. Such a student, upon certification by the community college of the student's successful participation and upon admittance to the postsecondary institution, must be deemed to need no further remediation.

A college of applied technology may develop a cooperative innovative program targeted to high school students who may need remediation in technical math and reading upon enrollment in a college of applied technology. If the remediation is successful, upon admittance to any college of applied technology, the student must be deemed to need no further remediation.
Texas Yes. Each school district must partner with at least one institution of higher education to develop and provide 12th grade courses in college preparatory mathematics and English language arts. A course may be offered for dual credit at the institution of higher education’s discretion.

Public colleges may not offer remedial and developmental courses for dual credit.
Utah No
Vermont Not set in state policy
Virginia No
Washington Running Start: No

College in the High School: Not set in state policy
West Virginia All programs: No
Wisconsin All programs but 118.55(7r): Not set in state policy

118.55(7r): No
Wyoming Not set in state policy

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