Civic Education Policies: State Profile

Civic Education Policies: State Profile - Georgia

December 2016


Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.


Description Citation/Link
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements
Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education? Three Carnegie units of credit shall be required in social studies for the High School Diploma (HSD), the Vocational Endorsement (VE) and the College Preparatory Endorsement (CPE). One Carnegie unit shall be required in United States history. One Carnegie unit shall be required from the world studies area, e.g., world history or world geography. World history shall be required for the College Preparatory Endorsement. One quarter or one semester of citizenship education (government) shall be required. One quarter or one semester of Principles of Economics/Business/Free Enterprise shall be required. Systems organized on the quarter system shall add one other one-quarter social studies course from the political science/government area or from the economics area or from the international relations area to the Citizenship Education and Principles of Economics/Business/Free Enterprise courses to complete the Carnegie unit requirement.

Georgia High School Graduation Tests (GHSGT) – a set of four curriculum based assessments that students must pass in order to earn a regular Georgia high school diploma. The tests are normally taken for the first time in spring of the 11th grade, and cover English/language arts, mathematics, science and social studies. High school graduation test in social studies includes American Government/Civics (17-19% of exam items). Students who entered ninth grade for the first time between July 1, 2008, and June 30, 2011, may satisfy the GHSGT requirement for graduation by achieving proficiency (meeting the standard) on one of the two End of Course Tests (EOCT) in each subject area (language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies) or passing the corresponding subject-area GHSGT. Students who entered ninth grade for the first time between July 1, 2008, and June 30, 2011, may satisfy the GHSGT requirement for graduation by achieving proficiency (meeting the standard) on one of the two End of Course Tests (EOCT) in each subject area (language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies) or passing the corresponding subject-area GHSGT. Students who enter ninth grade for the first time on July 1, 2011 or after shall not take and therefore are not required to pass the GHSGT.
Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. r. 160-4-2-.06.44.00



















Ga. Comp. R. & Regs., r. 160-3-1-.07, Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. r. 160-4-2-.06.44.00
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks
State standards include civics or citizenship education The Social Studies Georgia Standards of Excellence (grade-level standards for K-8, course-specific standards for high school) include a strand of standards for Government/Civics in Kindergarten through Grade 8. In their high/school American Government/Civics course students are provided with “a background in the philosophy, functions, and structure of the United States government, examine the philosophical foundations of the United States government and how that philosophy developed, and examine the structure and function of the United States government and its relationship to states and citizens.”

Sample standards/benchmarks include: explaining the importance of Americans sharing certain central democratic beliefs and principles, both personal and civic (grade 3), comparing and contrasting different forms of citizen participation in government (grade 7), and analyzing the difference between involuntary and voluntary participation in civic life (high school American Government/Civics).
Social Studies Georgia Standards of Excellence (2016)

https://www.georgiastandards.org/Georgia-Standards/Documents/Social-Studies-K-12-Georgia-Standards.pdf
Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education The Georgia Department of Education Social Studies Unit Frameworks are based on the Social Studies Georgia Standards of Excellence, which include a strand of standards for Government/Civics in Kindergarten through Grade 8.

Sample content examples in the frameworks include: understanding that laws and people’s beliefs help decide who gets to make choices in government (grade 2) and understanding that individuals, groups, and institutions make decisions that impact a society through intended and unintended consequences (high school).
Georgia Department of Education Social Studies Frameworks 

https://www.georgiastandards.org/Frameworks/Pages/BrowseFrameworks/socialstudiesK-5.aspx
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems
State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies Each local school system may elect to administer, with state funding, nationally norm-referenced instruments in reading, mathematics, science, or social studies in grade three, four, or five and in grade six, seven, or eight.The State Board of Education shall review, revise, and upgrade the quality core curriculum. Following the adoption of this revised curriculum, the State Board of Education shall contract for development of criterion-referenced competency tests to measure the quality core curriculum. Such tests in English and language arts, mathematics, and reading shall be administered annually to students in grades one through eight, and such tests in science and social studies shall be administered annually to students in grades three through eight.

As part of the comprehensive summative assessment program, end-of-grade assessments in social studies shall be administered annually to students in grades five and eight.

End-of-course assessments are required in grades 9-12 for all core subjects, as determined by the state board. Those core subjects include social studies, including civic competence.
O.C.G.A. § 20-2-281
Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. r. 160-4-2-.13
State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies The Single Statewide Accountability System, the College and Career Ready Performance Index, indicates that the Georgia Milestone assessment as well as the end-of-course assessments (including social studies) are included in the accountability system. https://gosa.georgia.gov/sites/gosa.georgia.gov/files/OBIEE-Help/Performance_Targets.htm

GA ADC 160-7-1-.01
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code
State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies Requires all schools to offer a course of study in the background, history and development of federal and state government, supplemented in each high school by a study of the local county and municipal governments; and a course of study in U.S. and Georgia history and in the essentials of the U.S. and Georgia Constitutions, including the study of American institutions and ideals. No student may receive a high school diploma without completing these courses. O.C.G.A. § 20-2-142(a
State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies Local boards of education are required to implement at the high-school level the state-approved course of study in United States history, the state-approved course in citizenship education and implement at the eighth grade the state-approved course of study in Georgia history and government.

LUA’s are also required to instruct students on civic competencies that ask students to “demonstrate an understanding of and appreciation for democratic values, institutions and ways of life in the United States and how this country compares to other nations.”
Ga. Comp. R. & Regs. r. 160-4-2-L, Ga. Comp. R. & R. 160-4-3-e-3-IV

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