Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements|
|Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education?||Two years of social studies and history, including American history, government and civics
"One credit in American history and government shall be required as part of a comprehensive course that includes instruction in the importance of voting, the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship, the Constitution of the United States and the Declaration of Independence."
|20-A M.R.S. §4722, CMR 05-071-127 §7.02|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks|
|State standards include civics or citizenship education||The Maine Learning Results Parameters for Essential Instruction - Social Studies (grade-cluster standards) include a strand of standards for Civics and Government. The Civics and Government strand includes the following three key performance indicators: 1. Knowledge, Concepts, Themes, and Patterns of Civics/Government, 2. Rights, Duties, Responsibilities, and Citizen Participation in Government, and 3. Individual, Cultural, International, and Global Connections in Civics and Government. The goal of the strand is for students to “draw on concepts from civics and government to understand political systems, power, authority, governance, civic ideals and practices, and the role of citizens in the community, Maine, the United States, and world.” Included in the document’s “Guiding Principles” is the goal for all students to leave school as responsible and involved citizens who “participate positively in the community and design creative solutions to meet human needs and wants; accept responsibility for personal decisions and actions; demonstrate ethical behavior and the moral courage to sustain it; understand and respect diversity; display global awareness and economic and civic literacy; and demonstrate awareness of personal and community health and wellness.”
Sample standards/benchmarks include: understanding the concepts of rights, duties, responsibilities, and participation by explaining the purpose of school/classroom rules and laws encountered in daily experiences to promote the common good and the peaceful resolution of conflict (grade K-2), and understanding the constitutional and legal rights, the civic duties and responsibilities, and roles of citizens in a constitutional democracy and the role of citizens living under other forms of government in the world by evaluating how people influence government and work for the common good including voting, writing to legislators, performing community service, and engaging in civil disobedience (high school).
|Maine Learning Results Parameters for Essential Instruction - Social Studies (2007)
|Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education||N/A|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems|
|State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies||N/A||20-A M.R.S.A. § 6202|
|State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies||N/A||20-A M.R.S.A. § 6214|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code|
|State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies||The Learning Results include standards for instruction and graduation requirements in the social studies.
United States and Maine state history fulfills section 6209 of the learning results. "American history and civil government, including the Constitution of the United States, the Declaration of Independence, the importance of voting and the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship, must be taught in and required for graduation from all elementary and secondary schools, both public and private."
|20-A, M.R.S. §6209, 20-A, M.R.S. §4706|
|State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies||Content standards are include social studies and history and require students to comprehend informational texts in this subject matter area.||CMR 05-071-131 §3|