Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements|
|Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education?||Three units including one credit in United States history and geography, one credit in world history and geography, ½ credit in economics, and ½ credit in civics.
A high school in this state which offers 12 grades shall require a 1-semester course of study of 5 periods per week in civics which shall include the form and functions of the federal, state, and local governments and shall stress the rights and responsibilities of citizens. A diploma shall not be issued by a high school to a pupil who has not successfully completed this course. This requirement shall not be applicable as a graduation requirement for a high school pupil who has enlisted or been inducted into military service.
|MCL 380.1278a, M.C.L.A. 380.1166|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks|
|State standards include civics or citizenship education||Michigan’s Grade Level Expectations for Social Studies (grade-level standards for K-8) and High School Content Expectations for Social Studies (course-specific standards for high school) will soon be replaced by the Michigan K-12 Standards for Social Studies. The new standards are also grade-level standards for K-8 and course-specific for high school. They include a strand of standards for Civics and Government in Grades K-4, and 6-7. Civics is embedded in the content in other grades and courses including high school Civics. According to the draft standards, the goal of social studies is “to prepare young people to become responsible citizens. Responsible citizens display social understanding and civic efficacy... Instruction should provide activities that actively engage students so that they simultaneously learn about civic participation while involved in the civic life of their communities, our state, and our nation. The social studies curriculum prepares students to participate in political activities, to serve their communities, and to regulate themselves responsibly.” The standards provide eight descriptors of what a “responsible citizen” should look like, including: knowing how, when, and where to construct and express reasoned positions on public issues and acting constructively to further the public good.
Sample standards/benchmarks include: understanding values and principles of American constitutional democracy by describing fair ways for groups to make decisions (Kindergarten), explaining important rights and how, when, and where American citizens demonstrate their responsibilities by participating in government (grade 4), and identifying the responsibilities associated with citizenship in the United States and the importance of those responsibilities in a democratic society through the investigation of questions such as: What are the responsibilities associated with citizenship in the United States? Why are those experiences considered important to the preservation of American constitutional government? (high school, Civics)
|Michigan’s Grade Level Expectations for Social Studies (2007)
High School Content Expectations for Social Studies (2007)
Michigan K-12 Standards for Social Studies (Draft Revisions, 2015)
|Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education||N/A. Michigan’s Grade-Specific Resources for Social Studies are based on the soon-to-be retired Social Studies Standards. Updated guides are not yet available.||Grade-Specific Resources for Social Studies K-8 GLCE and HSCE
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems|
|State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies||The Michigan educational assessment program and the Michigan merit examination are based on the state recommended model core curriculum content standards. The recommended model core academic curriculum content standards shall set forth learning objectives in math, science, reading, history, geography, economics, American government, and writing for all children at each stage of schooling.
|State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies||For a public school that operates any of grades 9 to 12, overall proficiency as measured on the social studies portions of the M-STEP is included as a measure of academic proficiency.||M.C.L.A. 380.390|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code|
|State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies||State recommended model curriculum should include the study of American Government.
State assessments to high school pupils: "The purpose of the assessment under this section is to assess pupil performance in mathematics, science, social studies, and communication arts for the purpose of improving academic achievement and establishing a statewide standard of competency. The assessment under this section provides a common measure of data that will contribute to the improvement of Michigan schools' curriculum and instruction by encouraging alignment with Michigan's curriculum framework standards. These standards are based upon the expectations of what pupils should know and be able to do by the end of grade 11."
"The purpose of the Michigan merit examination is to assess pupil performance in mathematics, science, social studies, and English language arts for the purpose of improving academic achievement and establishing a statewide standard of competency. The assessment under this section provides a common measure of data that will contribute to the improvement of Michigan schools' curriculum and instruction by encouraging alignment with Michigan's curriculum framework standards and promotes pupil participation in higher level mathematics, science, social studies, and English language arts courses. These standards are based upon the expectations of what pupils should learn through high school and are aligned with national standards."
Requirement for civics course: "In all county normal schools a course of 4 term hours shall be given in civics, and in all colleges receiving public money, courses of not less than 3 semester hours, or equivalent, shall be given in political science, or in government and public administration, covering the form and functions of our federal and state governments, and of counties, cities and villages. Throughout said course the rights and responsibilities of citizenship shall be stressed. No baccalaureate degree or diploma shall be granted after June 30, 1958, to any student of such normal school or college unless such student shall have successfully completed said courses."
|MCL 380.1278(2), MCL 380.1279(15), MCL 380.1279g(13), MCL 388.372|
|State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies||For purposes of school district pupil accounting for distribution of state aid a nonpublic or home school pupil may enroll in nonessential elective courses in grades 1 to 12, but may not be enrolled in essential courses which include social studies, "the constitution of the United States, the constitution of the state of Michigan, and the history and present form of civil government of the United States, the state of Michigan, and the political subdivisions and municipalities of the state of Michigan."
||Mich. Admin. Code R 340.2 -20B|