Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements|
|Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education?||Two units of social studies.||Mont. Admin. R. 10.55.905|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks|
|State standards include civics or citizenship education||The Montana Standards for Social Studies (grade-cluster standards) are divided into six central themes one of which is “analyzing how people create and change structures of power and authority, governance to understand the operation of government and to demonstrate civic responsibility (Content Standard 2). The same standards six are repeated for multiple grades but the associated benchmarks become increasingly complex.
Sample benchmarks for Standard 2 include: describing factors that cause conflict and contribute to cooperation among individuals and groups (e.g., playground issues, misunderstandings, listening skills, taking turns) (by the end of grade 4), explaining conditions, actions and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among groups and nations (e.g., discrimination, peer interaction, trade agreements) (by the end of grade 8), and analyzing and evaluating conditions, actions and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among groups and nations (e.g., current events from newspapers, magazines, television) (by the end of grade 12).
|Montana Standards for Social Studies (2010)
|Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education||N/A|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems|
|State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies||N/A||Mont. Admin. R. 10.56.101|
|State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies||N/A||20-7-104|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code|
|State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies||It is the goal of the legislature that Montana's public elementary and secondary school system, in cooperation with parents or guardians, create a learning environment for each student that: ...(4) develops a sense of personal and civic responsibility; (5) provides an in-depth understanding of the American political, social, and economic systems and the historical context from which they arose; (6) provides familiarization with political, social, and economic systems found elsewhere in the world."||(Mont. Code Ann. § 20-1-102)|
|State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies||N/A|