Civic Education Policies: State Profile

Civic Education Policies: State Profile - New Hampshire

December 2016


Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.


Description Citation/Link
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements
Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education? 20 credits required for graduation include: one credit in United States and New Hampshire history, one-half credit in United States and New Hampshire government/civics, one-half credit in world history, global studies or geography.  N.H. Code Admin. R. Ann. Chapter Ed 306.27m
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks
State standards include civics or citizenship education The New Hampshire K-12 Social Studies Curriculum Framework (grade-cluster standards) includes a strand of standards for Civics and Government. The Framework is broken up into ten themes, one of which is “Civics Ideals, Practices and Engagement.”

Sample standards/benchmarks include: discussing ways individuals can be involved in their community, e.g., food drive or cleaning school grounds (Grades K-2), describing and analyzing ways Americans can effectively participate in civic and political life at the local, state, and federal levels, e.g., problem solving, public engagement, or voting (grades 7-8), and demonstrating responsible practices within the political process, e.g., registering to vote or taking civic action (grades 9-12).
New Hampshire K-12 Social Studies Curriculum Framework (2006)

http://education.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/documents/frameworks.pdf
Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education The New Hampshire K-12 Social Studies Curriculum Framework is a two-in-one document that provides the standards and instructional guides for teachers. However “the framework does not establish a statewide curriculum. It is the responsibility of local teachers, administrators and school boards to: identify and implement approaches best suited for the students in their communities to acquire the skills and knowledge suggested in the framework, determine the scope, organization, and sequence of course offerings, and choose the methods of instruction, the activities, and materials to be used.” The Department also provides an “Examples of Framework Implementation” document to assist districts in standards-aligned curriculum development.

New Hampshire K-12 Social Studies Curriculum Framework (2006)

http://education.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/documents/frameworks.pdf

Examples of Framework Implementation

http://education.nh.gov/instruction/curriculum/social_studies/index.htm
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems
State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies All students must pass, "a locally developed competency assessment of United States government and civics that includes, but is not limited to, the nature, purpose, structure, function, and history of the United States government, the rights and responsibilities of citizens, and noteworthy government and civic leaders, shall be administered to students as part of the high school course in history and government of the United States and New Hampshire." The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services naturalization exam may satisfy this requirement.  NH Rev. Stat. s. 189.11
State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies Social studies is part of the input-based school accountability standards 193-E:3-b
Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code
State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies Instruction in National and State History and Government. – In all public and private schools in the state there shall be given regular courses of instruction in the history, government and constitutions of the United States and New Hampshire, including the organization and operation of New Hampshire municipal, county and state government and of the federal government. Such instruction shall begin not later than the opening of the eighth grade and shall continue in high school as an identifiable component of a year's course in the history and government of the United States and New Hampshire."

Students will take “a locally developed competency assessment of United States government and civics that includes, but is not limited to, the nature, purpose, structure, function, and history of the United States government, the rights and responsibilities of citizens, and noteworthy government and civic leaders, shall be administered to students as part of the high school course in history and government of the United States and New Hampshire. Students who attain a passing grade on the competency assessment shall be eligible for a certificate issued by the school district. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) test may be used to satisfy the requirement of this paragraph.

"The state board of education is hereby directed to distribute copies of the state constitution and election laws to all teachers of history and civics in the upper grades of elementary schools and to teachers of United States history in junior and senior high schools to be used by them in instructing their pupils relative to the laws governing election and voting."

Criteria for an adequate education shall include, among others, "Knowledge of civics and government, economics, geography, and history to enable them to participate in the democratic process and to make informed choices as responsible citizens."
NH RSA §189:11, NH RSA §189:23, NH RSA §193-E:2
State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies The required credits in program areas offered by each high school" shall include 5 credits of social studies.

"... the local school board shall require that a social studies program in each middle school provides: (1) Opportunities for students to acquire knowledge and understanding of civics, economics, geography, and history; (2) opportunities to practice citizenship in the school and community; (3) instruction in history and government and the constitutions of the United States and New Hampshire; ..."

 "... the local school board shall require that a social studies program in each high school provides: (1) Opportunities for students to acquire knowledge and modes of inquiry in the areas of civics, economics, geography, world history, and United States and New Hampshire history in a program consistent with RSA 193-C:3, III, including the related areas of sociology, anthropology, and psychology; (2) Opportunities for students to acquire the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for effective participation in the life of the community, the state, the nation, and the world; (3) Pursuant to RSA 186:13, opportunities to practice citizenship in the school and community; (4) Courses totaling at least 5 credits in social studies comprised of offerings in each of the following areas: a. At least one credit in national and state history pursuant to RSA 189:11; b. At least one credit in world history or global studies; c. At least one credit in geography; d. At least ½ credit in United States and New Hampshire government/civics; e. At least ½ credit in economics; and f. At least one credit, which may be interdisciplinary or integrated, to be chosen from the areas of geography, economics, world history, civics/government, state or national history or both, or behavioral studies; and(5) Systematic instruction and activities designed to enable students to acquire the skills of critical thinking, effective decision making, and human relations." 
N.H. Code Admin. R. Ann. Chapter Ed 306.27g-c, N.H. Code Admin. R. Ann. Chapter Ed 306.42, RSA 193-C:3, III, RSA 186:13, RSA 189:11

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