Data are collected using publicly available state statute, administrative code and, in some cases, curriculum and standards frameworks. A profile was sent to each state for review and modification, as needed.
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies High School Graduation Requirements|
|Are there high school graduation requirement in civics or citizenship education?||Requirements for graduation from every high school shall include twenty units earned in grades nine through twelve and shall be distributed as follows: (6) History and government, one unit, which shall include both of the following: (a) American history, one-half unit; (b) American government, one-half unit; and (7) Social studies, two units." Beginning with students who enter ninth grade for the first time on or after July 1, 2012, the required study of American history and American government shall include the study of all of the following documents: (1) The Declaration of Independence; (2) The Northwest Ordinance; (3) The Constitution of the United States with emphasis on the Bill of Rights; and (4) The Ohio Constitution.||Ohio Rev. Code Ann § 3313.603(B)|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Standards and Curriculum Frameworks|
|State standards include civics or citizenship education||Ohio’s New Learning Standards for Social Studies (grade-level standards for K-8, course-specific standards/course syllabi for high school) include a strand of standards for Government, and a substrand (i.e. “Topic”) for Civic Participation and Skills. The standards “incorporate history, geography, government and economics in order to prepare students to be participating citizens. Specifically, social studies helps students develop the ability to make informed and reasoned decisions for themselves and for the common good and prepares students for their role as citizens and decision makers in a diverse, democratic society”, among other things.
Sample standards/benchmarks include: understanding that collaboration requires group members to respect the rights and opinions of others (grade 1), understanding that civic participation requires individuals to make informed and reasoned decisions by accessing and using information effectively (grade 4), and that the processes of persuasion, compromise, consensus building and negotiation contribute to the resolution of conflicts and differences (high school, American Government).
|Ohio’s New Learning Standards: Social Studies Standards (2010)
|Curriculum frameworks include civics or citizenship education||The Ohio Model Curricula for Social Studies is based on Ohio’s New Learning Standards for Social Studies, which includes a strand of standards for Government. Among other things, the model curricula include: instructional strategies and resources, strategies for meeting the needs of diverse learners, and clarifying statements to help make the standards more easily understood and taught.
Sample content examples include: identifying and listing behaviors that show respect for others (grade 1) and looking into an issue that is on the ballot for students’ home area in the Fall or Spring elections and then, creating a chart showing reasons people are opposed to or in favor of the issue (grade 4).
|The Ohio Model Curricula for Social Studies
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Inclusion in Assessment and Accountability Systems|
|State assessments include civics, citizenship education or social studies||The state board of education, the superintendent of public instruction, and the chancellor of the Ohio board of regents shall develop a system of college and work ready assessments to assess whether each student upon graduating from high school is ready to enter college or the workforce. Such college and work ready assessments shall include a series of end-of-course examinations in the areas of science, mathematics, English language arts, American history, and American government selected jointly by the state superintendent and the chancellor in consultation with faculty in the appropriate subject areas at institutions of higher education of the university system of Ohio.
Not later than July 1, 2013, each school district board of education shall adopt interim end-of-course examinations to assess mastery of American history and American government standards. Each high school in the district shall use the interim examinations until the state superintendent and chancellor select such end-of-course examinations in American history and American government.
Not later than July 1, 2014, the state superintendent and the chancellor shall select the end-of-course examinations in American history and American government. The end-of-course examinations in American history and American government shall require demonstration of mastery of the American history and American government content for social studies standards.
|State accountability system includes civics, citizenship education or social studies||District and school report cards include achievement test passage rates in social studies.||Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §3302.03|
|Civics, Citizenship or Social Studies Addressed in Other State Statutes or Administrative Code|
|State statutes (laws) that address civics, citizenship education or social studies||Student education shall include geography and history of the United States and Ohio, as well as studies on national, state, and local government in the United States
" ... every school or school district shall include in the requirements for promotion from the eighth grade to the ninth grade one year's course of study of American history."
|Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §3313.60.A - B|
|State administrative code addressed civics, citizenship education or social studies||State requires 9th graders to pass a social studies exam in which the United States citizenship exam may substitute.||OAC 3301-13-01|