Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile - Kentucky

October 2019


Kentucky teacher graph
Source: Title II Reports National Teacher Preparation Data (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education) https://title2.ed.gov/Public/DataTools/Tables.aspx. Data was retrieved on 8/7/2019. 

Teacher production and overall teacher supply in the United States has grown steadily since the mid-1980s. However, national data trends show an overall decrease in educator preparation program enrollment and completion in recent years. Although new teacher supply data provide an incomplete* picture of a state’s teacher labor market, a decrease in new teacher supply may contribute to new shortages and exacerbate already present shortages within a state. This chart details trends in educator preparation program completion in Kentucky, compared with the United States average. 

*New teacher supply data do not capture whether graduates are prepared to teach in high-demand subject areas or willing to teach in underserved schools. They do not capture whether graduates meet the requirements for licensure and go on to teach within the state or at all. They also do not capture teachers who are prepared out-of-state or teachers who temporarily leave the profession and then re-enter. Finally, they do not capture the quality of the individuals seeking employment. Supply and demand considerations vary considerably within states. State leaders can consider multiple factors — including, for example, district and school staffing, vacancy data and educator equity gaps — when evaluating their teacher labor market and considering policy solutions.

Last updated: August 2019. To view 50-State Comparisons, click here.


Shortage data and reports
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2008-09 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 3,275 to 2,073 (-37%)
Traditional: 2,687 to 1,799 (-33%)
Alternative: 588 to 274 (-53%)
US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2015-16 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 2,217 to 2,073 (-7%)
Traditional: 1,971 to 1,799 (-9%)
Alternative: 246 to 274 (+11%)
US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Has the state published state-specific teacher shortage data within the past five years? Yes. Teacher Supply and Demand: Interactive Map
Has the state published educator equity gap data (apart from what was submitted in the Educator Equity Plan and ESSA State Plan)? Yes. There is publicly available data. Kentucky Education Datasets: First Year Teachers

Kentucky District Data Profiles 2017

Kentucky State ESSA Plan

Kentucky State Equity Plan
Expanding the pool of teacher candidates
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit high school students into the teaching profession? Yes. Statute requires the department of education to develop a plan for recruitment to the teaching profession, including an early recruitment program to inform middle and high school students about the potential of a teaching career. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 161.167
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit paraprofessionals into the teaching profession? Yes. Statute requires the department of education to develop a plan for recruitment to the teaching profession, including a program encouraging paraprofessionals to become teachers. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 161.167
Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation? No. N/A
What percentage of the state's educator preparation program graduates came from alternative preparation programs in the year the data was last reported (2016-17)? 13% total (12% IHE-based; 1% not IHE-based) US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Teacher pay and financial incentives
Does statute establish requirements for minimum teacher pay? Yes. The state has a minimum teacher salary schedule based on years of teaching experience and licensure rank. However, because licensure rankings in the state are based solely on advanced degree/credit accumulation, the salary schedule is not unlike other state salary schedules that are based solely on years of teaching experience and advanced degree/credit accumulation. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.390

Kentucky's Minimum Salary Schedules
Does statute define at least one statewide scholarship or grant program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute defines at least one scholarship program to help recruit teachers to shortage subject areas. In addition, statute defines at least one forgivable loan program for currently licensed teachers or emergency certified teachers to obtain additional education training required to become licensed in shortage subject areas. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 164.769

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 164.757
Does statute define at least one statewide loan forgiveness program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? No. N/A
Does statute require or explictly encourage additional pay for teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute permits districts to supplement teacher salaries in schools identified by the department of education as being in targeted or comprehensive support and improvement status. Additionally, statute permits districts to offer differentiated compensation plans to recruit teachers to critical shortage areas, reduce the number of emergency certified teachers employed by the school, and fill hard-to-staff positions. The department of education is charged with administering grants from the professional compensation fund to support the development of differentiated compensation plans. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.390 

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.390
Does statute define at least one statewide financial incentive program for teachers of color? No. N/A
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain advanced licensure? No. Although the state minimum teacher salary schedule is based on years of teaching experience and licensure rank, advanced license rankings in the state are based solely on advanced degree/credit accumulation. As such, the advanced degree/credit accumulation, not the advanced license ranking, prompts the salary schedule increase. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 161.1211

Kentucky's Minimum Salary Schedules

Teacher Leadership and Advancement: State Profile
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain National Board Certification? Yes. Kentucky provides an annual salary supplement of $2,000 to board certified teachers employed in a Kentucky public school or other defined career and technical program. The salary supplement is the same regardless of a teacher's licensure area and/or employment location. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 157.395
Early and ongoing supports
Does the state require induction and mentoring support for new teachers? If so, what is the required length? Yes. One year. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 161.030
Does the state require or explicitly encourage reduced teaching loads for new and/or mentor teachers? No. N/A
Does the state require that an established portion of a teacher's work day/week be designated exclusively for teacher planning? No. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.060

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