Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: State Profile - West Virginia

October 2019


West Virginia teacher graph
Source: Title II Reports National Teacher Preparation Data (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education) https://title2.ed.gov/Public/DataTools/Tables.aspx. Data was retrieved on 8/7/2019. 

Teacher production and overall teacher supply in the United States has grown steadily since the mid-1980s. However, national data trends show an overall decrease in educator preparation program enrollment and completion in recent years. Although new teacher supply data provide an incomplete* picture of a state’s teacher labor market, a decrease in new teacher supply may contribute to new shortages and exacerbate already present shortages within a state. This chart details trends in educator preparation program completion in West Virginia, compared with the United States average. 

*New teacher supply data do not capture whether graduates are prepared to teach in high-demand subject areas or willing to teach in underserved schools. They do not capture whether graduates meet the requirements for licensure and go on to teach within the state or at all. They also do not capture teachers who are prepared out-of-state or teachers who temporarily leave the profession and then re-enter. Finally, they do not capture the quality of the individuals seeking employment. Supply and demand considerations vary considerably within states. State leaders can consider multiple factors — including, for example, district and school staffing, vacancy data and educator equity gaps — when evaluating their teacher labor market and considering policy solutions.

Last updated: August 2019. To view 50-State Comparisons, click here.


Shortage data and reports
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2008-09 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 1,092 to 895 (-18%)
Traditional: 1,055 to 887 (-16%)
Alternative: 37 to 8 (-78%)
US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
What is the number and percentage change in the state's educator preparation program completion between 2015-16 and 2016-17 (total and by program type)? Total: 1,073 to 895 (-17%)
Traditional: 1,073 to 887 (-17%)
Alternative: 0 to 8 (+ >100%)

US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Has the state published state-specific teacher shortage data within the past five years? Yes. West Virginia Board of Education Resolution Recognizing the Teacher Shortage in West Virginia and the Related Difficulties School Districts Face in Attracting and Retaining Qualified Teachers

2012 Educational Personnel Data Report
Has the state published educator equity gap data (apart from what was submitted in the Educator Equity Plan and ESSA State Plan)? Yes. There is publicly available data. West Virginia Personnel Report

West Virginia State ESSA Plan

West Virginia State Equity Plan and Profile
Expanding the pool of teacher candidates
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit high school students into the teaching profession? Yes. Statute creates the Underwood-Smith Teaching Scholars program which provides scholarships to high-achieving high school graduates committed to teaching in a critical teacher shortage field in the state. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18C-4-2
Does the state offer a pathway, program or incentive through statute or regulation to recruit paraprofessionals into the teaching profession? No. N/A
Does the state create opportunities for teacher residency programs through statute or regulation? No. N/A
What percentage of the state's educator preparation program graduates came from alternative preparation programs in the year the data was last reported (2016-17)? 1% total (0% IHE-based; 1% not IHE-based) US Department of Education Title II Reports
Data Tools: Completers, by state, by program type
Teacher pay and financial incentives
Does statute establish requirements for minimum teacher pay? Yes. The state has a minimum teacher salary schedule based on years of teaching experience and degree level/credit accumulation. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-2

West Virginia Professional and Service Personnel State Minimum Required Salary Schedules
Does statute define at least one statewide scholarship or grant program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute defines at least one scholarship program to help recruit teachers to shortage subject areas. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18C-4-1
Does statute define at least one statewide loan forgiveness program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute defines at least one loan forgiveness program to help recruit teachers to underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18C-4A-1 et seq.
Does statute require or explictly encourage additional pay for teachers who work in underserved schools and/or shortage subject areas? Yes. Statute permits districts to provide additional compensation to teachers in critical shortage subject areas, areas with shortages of certified teachers and teachers who teach in schools that are in remote locations or have high turnover rates. In addition, certified math teachers who provide instruction in math at least 60 percent of the time must be considered to have three additional years of experience for state salary schedule purposes. Certified, full-time special education teachers must also be considered to have three additional years of experience for state salary schedule purposes.  W. Va. Code, § 18A-4-5a

W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-2
 
Does statute define at least one statewide financial incentive program for teachers of color? No. Except that the Underwood-Smith Teaching Scholarship Program awards scholarships up to $10,000 per academic year to qualified individuals pursuing a program of study that will lead to licensure in a critical shortage field. Statute directs the Vice Chancellor for Administration to prioritize minority students in the selection process. Scholarship recipients are required to teach for five consecutive years in a critical shortage teaching position in the state. W. Va. Code, § 18C-4-1 et seq.
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain advanced licensure? No. W. Va. Code R. § 126-136-10

Teacher Leadership and Advancement: State Profile
Does the state provide or require additional pay for teachers who obtain National Board Certification? Yes. West Virginia provides an annual salary bonus of $3,500 to Board certified teachers for the life of the certification, no more than 10 years. Board certified teachers employed in a school designated as a persistently low-performing school are provided an additional salary bonus of $2,000. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-2a

W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-2c
Early and ongoing supports
Does the state require induction and mentoring support for new teachers? If so, what is the required length? No. However, statute establishes guidelines for local implementation of teacher professional growth practices, including induction and mentoring practices. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-3C-3
Does the state require or explicitly encourage reduced teaching loads for new and/or mentor teachers? Yes. Statute requires county boards to adopt an implementation plan for improving professional practice that includes the manner in which the county will adjust its scheduling, use of substitutes, collaborative planning time, calendar or other measures to provide sufficient time to accomplish its professional personnel goals. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-3C-3
Does the state require that an established portion of a teacher's work day/week be designated exclusively for teacher planning? Yes. Each teacher regularly employed for more than one-half of the class period of the day must be provided at least one planning period per day. Planning periods shall be no less than 40 minutes. W. Va. Code Ann. § 18A-4-14

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