Open-enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open-enrollment policies.
Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both.
|Open Enrollment Survey 2017|
|Does the state have open enrollment programs?||Yes, voluntary interdistrict; mandatory intradistrict and interdistrict within Indianapolis city schools.|
Voluntary: Parents may request, in writing, to transfer the student to another school district in the state if the student can be better accommodated because of crowded conditions, curriculum offerings, for medical reasons, or if the student's school is not fully accredited. Districts may have a policy for accepting or rejecting open enrollment students, and receiving districts may accept transfer students without the approval of the sending district. A receiving districts may require transfer students to pay tuition as a condition of the transfer.
School districts may accept transfer students from outside of the district to attend alternative education programs.
Districts without a policy for accepting or rejecting transfer applications are required to establish and publish the number of transfer students it will accept. However, districts without an interdistrict open enrollment policy must accept transferring students if the students meet certain following criteria.
Mandatory: Indianapolis city schools must allow intradistrict transfers. The school board must establish priorities for student assignment. Student assignments are made if space is available.
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-25-7-1, § 20-25-7-2, § 20-26-11-1 through § 20-26-11-32 511 Ind. Admin. Code 1-6-1 through 1-6-5
|Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs?||Students must be allowed to transfer in compliance with a court order.|
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-26-11-19
|Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment?||Yes, but only for districts that have not established open enrollment transfer policies. Districts without transfer policies must hold a lottery and must give priority to siblings of currently enrolled students and children of district employees. Additionally, they must accept students when all of the following criteria are met:
Districts may deny admission to a student who has been suspended or expelled during the preceding 12 months for ten or more days or if the student was suspended or expelled for causing physical injury to another person at the school, violating the school's drug or alcohol rules or for possessing a firearm on school grounds.
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-26-11-6.5, § 20-26-11-32
|Who is responsible for student transportation?||Unclear, as policies governing transportation expired January 1, 2017.|
Citations: Ind. Code Ann. § 20-26-11-26, § 20-26-11-27