Open-enrollment policies allow a student to transfer to a public school of his or her choice. There are two basic types of open-enrollment policies.
Depending on the state, open-enrollment policies are mandatory, voluntary, or both.
|Open Enrollment Survey 2017|
|Does the state have open enrollment programs?||Yes, voluntary interdistrict; mandatory interdistrict for unaccredited schools or districts.|
Voluntary: School boards may enter into transfer agreements. If a student's location of residence creates an unsual or unreasonable transportation hardship due to natural barriers, travel time, or distance, the commissioner of education may allow the student to attend another district. Receiving districts may set enrollment capacity limits by grade level, school building, and education program. They may also deny a transfer application if the student lives more than 10 miles from the receiving district or if the location of the student's assigned school is closer than the school the student would be attending in the receiving district.
The Metropolitan Schools Achieving Value in Transfer Corporation is a voluntary school transfer program in for school districts in St. Louis that allows students to transfer to other schools in participating districts. The program is headed by a board of directors.
Mandatory: Students assigned to an unaccredited school must be allowed to attend an accredited school in another district in the same or an adjoining county.
Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 162.1040 through § 162.1060, § 167.131
|Do desegregation provisions impact open enrollment programs?||Whenever a school district is under a federal court-ordered desegregation directive, open enrollment options are subject to the approval of the court of continuing jurisdiction, and the court order must govern.|
Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 162.1059
|Does the state set priorities for districts to follow when accepting students for open enrollment?||Yes. Receiving districts may give preference to resident students over transferring students and refuse enrollment to students suspended or expelled for 10 days or more in the current or immediately preceding school term.|
Metropolitan Schools Achieving Value in Transfer Corporation (voluntary open enrollment in St. Louis): The board of directors sets policies but receiving districts must give first preference to students attending based on a desegregation order.
Citations: Mo. Ann. Stat. § 162.1045, § 162.1060
|Who is responsible for student transportation?||Mandatory: The sending district is responsible for providing transportation for students attending another school because their assigned school is unaccredited.|
Metropolitan Schools Achieving Value in Transfer Corporation (St. Louis): The board of directors is responsible for making provisions for transportation and receives transportation aid from the state up to 155% of the statewide per-pupil average.
Citations: Mo. Stat. Ann. § 162.1060, § 167.131